The Cook islands is composed of 15 major islands spread between French Polynesia and American Samoa. These 15 islands were groups into two, the Northern Cook islands and Southern Cook islands. In total, the land area of all the islands is 240 square kilometres.
The Polynesian people, migrants from Tahiti, were the first settlers in Cook islands way back 6th Century. The first written record was traced in 16th Century when Spanish Ships visited the island specifically Pukapuka, with Alvaro de Mendana de Neira in 1595. Later in 1773 and 1777, the British Navigator Captain James Cook named the island Hervey Islands but was soon changed to Cook islands honouring the discovery of Captain Cook. There were conquerors who would want to take a stand on the Cook islands. It became a British Protectorate in 1888 and was annexed to New Zealand Government in 1901. The COOK ISLANDS is treated as a free associated state of New Zealand, enabling them to directly communicate in international community.
Because of the strategic location of the Cook islands, the people living in these islands are greatly affected by the disasters caused by natural calamities primarily typhoons. This results to the devastation of their agricultural lands from where the people depend for exporting copra and citrus fruits. In effect, the people living in these islands often depend to the foreign assistance given to them and from the help coming from the dominant state, New Zealand.
Cook islands was at the peak of deficit in 1980s and 1990s. They were in huge budget deficit and were asking for assistance from neighbouring countries. They accumulated large debts because they borrowed money in order to meet their needs. Because of this growing concern, they sought reformation. They sold some state assets in order to pay debts, refurnished their economic management plan, entered into foreign agreements beneficial to their country and encouraged tourism by exposing the natural tourist destinations in the country. They also entered into pacts with advocacies to promote environment protection and conservation.
They were able to regain their economic stance. In order to stabilize economy in Cook islands, people improved their tourism and fishing. Tourism became the countrys main industry and this became the leading contributor in the economys development. There were recorded 100,000 visitors travelling to the islands during the 2011 fiscal year. Fishing, on the other hand, improves the exporting capability of the islands.
The Cook islands was even described as a castaways dream come true because of the natural and breath-taking sceneries nowhere to be found in the city. It is an escape from the hassle of the busy life and is a relaxing place to spend time with the family and friends.
Not only are these sceneries the only asset of Cook islands. The people also have rich culture and tradition any foreigner will look forward to. They are engaged in woodcarving, resembling the attributes of their gods. They are also expert in weaving mats, hats and baskets made of coconut palm.