Bahamas History, Government, Politics

This page contains some interesting facts about Bahamas like history, culture, some fun facts etc.

Bahamas History

Bahamas HistoryA native of Genoa, Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic and 12 October 1492 landed on the island, which he named San Salvador. (The island also has the unofficial name Watling, since the XVII century pirate George Vatling made ​​it a haven). Some historians believe that Columbus took place on the island of Samana, located 65 miles southeast of San Salvador. In 1513 Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon in search of the legendary fountain of youth explored the archipelago. The results of his research was the discovery of Florida and the flow of Gulf Stream.

Original inhabitants of the islands were Arawak Indians. However, the Spaniards have taken out to 40,000 Indians to work in mines and pearling on other islands. As a result, the Bahamas since their discovery by Columbus were almost deserted for 135 years. The British first settled on the islands of Eleuthera and New Providence in 1647 and was brought here of black slaves to work on cotton plantations. At first, the British settlements were subjected to frequent attacks by the Spaniards. These islands were a refuge for bandits and pirates.

From 1670 to 1717 years Bahamas were ruled by the governors of the British colony of Carolina. In 1776 during the American Revolution, Nassau was captured by U.S. naval forces. In 1782 and 1783. islands temporarily took possession of Spain, in 1787 the Bahamas became a British colony.

Bahamas History Ships

In 1834 slavery was abolished and the slaves freed. The ensuing economic downturn and the outbreak of cholera in the central part of the archipelago resulted in a significant reduction in the population. Well-being temporarily returned to the island during the American Civil War 1861 – 1865 years when the island became the base of life support the Confederacy, whose vessels were delivered from Bahamas to Florida manufactured goods and exported cotton from there, as well as during the period of American “Prohibition” 1920 – 1933, when the islands became a base for smuggling rum.

During the Second World War, the Bahamas were under the control of the Duke of Windsor, who for the sake of marrying an American abdication and the title of King Edward VIII and became a Bahamian governor U.S. troops used the Bahamas as a military air base for anti-Nazi submarines, acting in the Caribbean In our time, the American rocket launchers are in the Bahamas on alert.

In 1964, Britain granted the Bahamas internal self-government. When in 1967 brought to power a Progressive Liberal Party led by Linden Pindlingom, black Bahamians in the government got a majority. After 256 years of British rule on July 10 of that year, the Bahamas was granted independence In 80-ies Government Pindlinga subjected to numerous charges of corruption and links with drug traffickers. In elections in 1992 won Free National Movement led by Hubert Ingraham.

A native of Genoa, Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic and 12 October 1492 landed on the island, which he named San Salvador. (The island also has the unofficial name Watling, since the XVII century pirate George Vatling made ​​it a haven). Some historians believe that Columbus took place on the island of Samana, located 65 miles southeast of San Salvador. In 1513 Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon in search of the legendary fountain of youth explored the archipelago. The results of his research was the discovery of Florida and the flow of Gulf Stream.

Bahamas Government and Politics

Bahamas is supreme independent country. Political and legal traditions closely follow those of the United Kingdom and the Westminster system. Bahamas is a parliamentary democracy with two major parties, the Free National Movement and the Progressive Liberal Party.

Tourism generates about half of all jobs, but the number of visitors has dropped significantly since the beginning of a global economic slowdown during the last quarter of 2008. Banking and international financial services as contracted, and the Bahamas is one of 34 jurisdictions secrecy, which was subjected to the law on tax haven Stops Abuse, introduced in the U.S. Congress.

The archipelago of the Bahamas is a way station for drug smugglers and those who have no rights of citizenship, seeking to enter the United States. Aggressive anti-money laundering efforts have forced some offshore banks suffer losses and leave the country. Bahamas is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, with the Queen Elizabeth II as head of state (represented by Governor-General).

Legislative power is vested in the bicameral Parliament, which consists of houses with 41 member Assembly (lower house), with selected areas fromsingle-party participants, and the Senate with 16 members, with members appointed by the Governor-General, including nine on the advice of the Prime Minister, four on the board of the opposition leader, and three on the advice of the Prime Minister after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition. House of Assembly performs all major legislative functions. As under the Westminster system, the prime minister may dissolve parliament and call a general election at any time within the five-year term.

Prime Minister is Head of Government and is a leader of the party with most seats in the House of Assembly. Executive power is exercised by the cabinet, selected by the Prime Minister and drawn from his supporters in the House of Assembly. The current Governor-General is Arthur Dion Hanna and the current Prime Minister is Hubert Ingraham.

In the Bahamas is largely two-party system dominated by center-left Progressive Liberal Party and the center-right Free National Movement. A handful of splinter parties had been unable to win election to Parliament. These parties include the Bahamas Democratic Movement, the Coalition for Democratic Reform and the Bahamian Nationalist Party.

Constitutional safeguards include freedom of speech, press, worship, movement, and association. Although the Bahamas is not geographically located in the Caribbean, it is a member of the Caribbean Community. The judiciary is independent from the executive and the legislature. Law based on English law.

Government House in Nassau

Bahamas GovernmentGovernment House is located in the old part of Nassau on Bay Street. This street is the most fashionable place to shop, as well as different lots of government buildings. All the buildings are part of the city are made in the colonial style. Government House was built in the late XVIII century. The facade of the Government goes to Parliament Square, which is decorated with a statue of Queen Victoria. It should be noted that the Commonwealth Government is in the house of the parliament, which is adjacent to House of Government.

Bahamas is supreme independent country. Political and legal traditions closely follow those of the United Kingdom and the Westminster system. Bahamas is a parliamentary democracy with two major parties, the Free National Movement and the Progressive Liberal Party.

Bahamas Flag

Bahamas FlagThe Bahamas flag. 1:2 ratio. Represents a three-band flag. The bands are placed horizontally. The upper and lower bands are blue, central is yellow. At the base of the flag is shown a black triangle, which occupies 1/3 of the length of the flag.

Adopted in 1973, yellow stripe symbolizes the sand of the Bahamas , blue stripes – the sea, black triangle indicates the unity of the people of the islands in their quest for development.

The Bahamas flag. 1:2 ratio. Represents a three-band flag. The bands are placed horizontally. The upper and lower bands are blue, central is yellow. At the base of the flag is shown a black triangle, which occupies 1/3 of the length of the flag.

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